11%. This is the proportion of greenhouse gas emissions emitted by the tourism sector in France. A study carried out by the Agency for Ecological Transition (ADEME) before the Covid-19 pandemic shows that this sector produces 118 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent every year. Three-quarters of these emissions come from transportation (aircraft contributes half). Far behind us we find accommodation, shopping for tourist goods or even catering. However, if France intends to respect the legally set goal of carbon neutrality, the sector must improve its sobriety and energy efficiency.
Hotels, cafes and restaurants represent about 7% of all tertiary buildings in France. According to this ADEME report, these buildings consume 241 kWh per m² per year, approximately two to three times more than conventional housing. Tourists, in search of maximum needs, tend to overconsumption (light, temperature, electricity, water, etc.) during their stay, using a much larger amount of energy compared to their habits. For example, a guest has about twice as many liters of water flowing in a hotel as compared to his home.
In Brittany, on the Emerald Coast, Saint-Malo lives mainly from tourism. Accommodation, restaurants and spas structure the city. Only the emblematic Raulic group has 7 hotels and 3 tourist residences, the Thermes Marins thalassotherapy center and spa, an international golf course and 3 Aquatonic centers. Aware of its environmental limitations, the group carried out an inventory in 2019 and is committed to energy sobriety and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.